This is an incredibly incomplete list of definitions relating to kyriarchy, oppression and social justice. If I have come up with a problematic definition, please let me know and I will amend it. If I’ve missed something glaringly obvious out, again, do let me know. My email is if you need to get in touch over something.

Kyriarchy – the whole system of interconnected oppressions and privileges. Coined by Elizabeth Schussler Fiorenza.

Prejudice – negative attitudes about a person based on group membership.

Discrimination – acting on prejudice.

Privilege – not experiencing oppression. Generally, whatever situation you’re in, someone lacking one of your privileges would have it worse. White, straight, cis, sexual, binary, Western, rich, conventionally able, slim and male – along with many others – are privileged statuses in this kyriarchy.

Oppression – systematic devaluation, degradation, denial of privilege. Generally occurs on a variety of levels, from insulting jokes to physical assault or even murder. The opposite of privilege, although marginalisation can also be used.

Intersections – overlapping oppressions. For example, a black woman would experience the intersection of racism and sexism.

Entitlement – privileged person’s belief that their desire for something is more important than any concerns of the oppressed.

Erasure – attempting to make people or groups of people disappear from the discourse/record. Asserting that people or groups of people do not exist. For example, non-binary people are erased by a society that does not acknowledge anything outside the man/woman boxes.

Silencing – trying to cut people out of the discourse based on marginalised/oppressed status. The privileged talking over the oppressed. Making the marginalised jump through hoops to get their voices heard.

The Other/othering – lumping all members of a group in together and labelling them as ‘not like us’. Generally comes with an assumption that the Other is lesser, and that people who are part of that are not present.

Tone argument – taking issue with someone’s argument on the basis of the tone they used to make it. Generally takes the form of ‘you’re too angry, we can’t discuss this’. Bad because when one is oppressed, it’s raw and immediate and it hurts.

Apologism – trying to justify or support oppression/ill-treatment.

Microaggression –

Body policing – trying to dictate what other people’s bodies should look like. For example, cis people trying to dissuade non-cis people from modifying their bodies to relieve dissonance, people shaming ‘fat’ people, or people shaming others for having modifications like piercings.

Beauty standard – standard of good looks that people are supposed to live up to. Differs between cultures, but generally Western norms have been imposed on the world (see imperialism/colonialism).

Fathatred – hatred of people who are ‘fatter’ than the social norm.

Sizeism – prejudice against people whose bodies lie outside the norm of size (which is generally not-too-tall and slim for women/perceived women, for example), generally on the larger side.

Objectification – reduction of a person to an object there only for other people.

Slut shaming – shaming of women/perceived women for having sex with many people.

Victim blaming – the belief that an oppressed person who has had a crime committed against them was to blame in some way. Often found in rape cases.

Rape culture – culture in which rape is excused, justified and supported by general support for bad consent, contempt for victims, silencing, misogyny and joking. We have one.

Anti-choice – the people concerned call themselves ‘pro-life’; they are against abortion rights and against a person with a uterus’ right to control their own body.

Virgin/whore dichotomy – reduction of women’s sexual choices to two extremes, both shamed.

Slut/stud dichotomy – women who have sex with many people are called ‘sluts’ and stigmatised, men who do the same are ‘studs’ and celebrated (or at least not condemned).

Double standards – a different standard is in place for each of two groups, for example women/those perceived as such having to work harder for the same amount of recognition as men/those perceived as such.

Sexism – privilege + prejudice in a sexualised structure of privilege. Prejudice against non-male people, generally women.

Misogyny – hatred of women/people perceived to be women.

Misandry – hatred of men/people perceived to be men. Less prevalent than the above

Androcentricism – male as default.

Gender essentialism – ‘men are like this, women are like that.’ In a nutshell.

Femmehatred – hatred of femininity.

Transmisogyny – hatred of trans women (and often other CAMAB non-cis/non-‘masculine’ people).

Transhatred – hatred of trans/non-cis people.

Cissupremacy – belief that cis people are superior to all other groups.

Cissexism – belief that the cis (personal sense of gender/assigned gender/personal sense of sex/assigned sex all matching up) experience is ‘better’ than the non-cis one.

Cisnormativity – construction of cis as the norm and the default.

Binarism – prejudice against non-binary people (people outside the gender binary). See below.

Dyadism – prejudice against intersex people (people outside the sex binary).

Hatred of intersex people – what it says in the description, relating to dyadism.

Heteronormativity – construction of heterosexuality as the norm and the default.

Heterosexism – belief that the heterosexual experience is ‘better’ than the non-heterosexual one.

Misohomy – formerly homophobia, term coined by me to avoid ableism. Hatred of gay people/non-heterosexual people (see below).

Misahetery – hatred of (mis) non (a) heterosexuals (hetery). Coined to avoid monosexism.

Monosexism – belief that the monosexual (only attracted to one gender) experience is ‘better’ than the non-monosexual one.

Hatred of polyamorous people – what it says in the description.

Ace-hatred – hatred of asexuals/belief that the sexual experience is ‘better’ than the asexual-spectrum experience.

Misoxeny – formerly xenophobia, term coined by me to avoid ableism. Hatred of the Other, of the stranger or foreigner.

Ethnocentricism – the idea that one’s own culture is the best.

Racism – privilege + prejudice in a racialised structure of privilege. Prejudice against non-White people.

White supremacy – belief that white people are superior to all other groups.

Imperialism – the belief that the West has the right to take control of other regions, relating to the British Empire and the belief by the British that they were ‘superior to’ the natives of the countries they occupied.

Colonialism – related to imperialism, but more concerned with the ‘having control’ part than the ‘taking control’.

Appropriation – a member of a privileged group taking on aspects of a marginalised group’s identity or culture that they have no personal claim to.

Islamobigotry/hatred of Islam or Muslims – exactly what it says in the description.

Christian privilege – exists. Relating to anti-atheist and anti-non-Christian/Abrahamic sentiment.

Classism – prejudice against those who have less money/are in a lower class.

Capitalism – economic system based on money (capital) that inevitably oppresses those with less.

Ableism – prejudice against people who are not conventionally able.

Mentalism – related to ableism, specific to prejudice against those whose minds are not conventionally able.

Intelligence – it’s an ableist concept, because our standards of intelligence do not account for all types of intelligence, and denies worth to those who do not fit the standard.

Ageism – prejudice against people based on age, generally against older people.

Adultism – prejudice against younger people.

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